There are several types of common urinary problems that affect dogs. Urinary tract infections, incontinence and bladder stones are three of the more common ones.
Bacteria in the urethra tube frequently causes urinary tract infections. The bacteria can cause dogs to experience pain when urinating. It is best to treat the problem immediately because it can be the start of more serious health problems.
How do you know if your dog has a urinary tract infection? Some symptoms include blood in the urine or a bad odor. Another is that the dog may make frequent trips outdoors to the potty spot where he or she expels very little urine. If your dog is housebroken but suddenly begins urinating in the house, there could be an infection.
In most cases, you will need to take the dog to the vet’s office for an examination and some antibiotics.
If urinary tract infections keep reoccurring, there could be a serious underlying problem. Definitely consult with the dog’s veterinarian.
The term “incontinence” is used to describe urinary control problems such as dribbling or leaking urine. This can happen throughout the day, as well as when sleeping.
Incontinency can be the result of the loss of muscle control in older dogs. Female dogs that have been spayed will often lose bladder control related to hormonal issues.
Incontinency can also be a sign of serious health problems such as kidney disease or bladder cancer, so it is important to consult the dog’s veterinarian when urinary problems surface.
The veterinarian will conduct an exam of the dog and test the urine itself for signs of bacteria or unusual amounts of crystals. He or she will likely test the concentration of the dog’s urine.
There are drugs and homeopathic remedies that can help dogs avoid urinary tract infections by helping to keep the urinary system at a normal pH. Female dogs may need to undergo hormone therapy or get collagen injections. There is a surgical procedure called colposuspension that repositions the bladder, helping to eliminate incontinency.
Bladder stones, also known as urolithiasis, can develop in the bladder, kidneys or urethra. Struvite stones are fairly common and are caused by the development of magnesium ammonium phosphate. This is most often due to a bacterial infection. Other types of stones develop when minerals separate from the urine and form crystals.
Bladder stones can become bad enough that the dog can no longer eliminate urine. This is a very serious problem and a veterinarian should be consulted immediately. Dogs who cannot urinate can die because toxins build up in their systems. Surgery may be needed to remove bladder stones.
Diet can have a lot to do with the development of stones. There are commercial foods that were developed to help with dogs that frequently develop bladder problems. These specialty foods are available from veterinarians.
Increased walking is said to help control bladder and urinary tract problems because it allows the dog to relieve him or herself more often.